Italian Communist Party
- The Italian Communist Party (Partito Comunista Italiano—PCI) emerged in 1921 when advocates of Leninism broke away from the Italian Socialist Party. The PCI was declared illegal by Italian premier Benito Mussolini in 1926, though under the direction of Antonio Gramsci and after his imprisonment Palmiro Togliatti it continued as an underground organization. Having been re-legalized in 1944, the PCI was a constituent of coalition governments until 1947, though it suffered defeat in the general election a year later. Though never formally taking office, the PCI lent its support to left-wing governments in Italy from this time onwards. Under Luigi Longo, the party moved closer to the Soviet Union and received generous aid from Leonid Brezhnev’s administration. However, the emergence of Enrico Berlinguer as PCI leader saw the party cast aside its Marxism–Leninism and promulgate eurocommunism. After Moscow refused to condemn Czechoslovakian support for the terrorist Red Brigades, in 1979 the PCI severed all ties with the Soviet Union. In the 1980s, it shed its Marxist ideals entirely and transformed into a social democratic party, before disbanding in 1991 to form the moderate Democratic Party of the Left (Partito Democratico della Sinistra—PDS).
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Italian Communist Party — Infobox Political Party foundation = 1921 dissolution = 1991 party name = Italian Communist Party party name italian = Partito Comunista Italiano party party status = Former Italian National Party membership = max: 2,252,446 (1947) min: 1,264,790 … Wikipedia
Marxist–Leninist Italian Communist Party — Marxist Leninist Italian Communist Party Partito Comunista Italiano Marxista Leninista Leader Domenico Savio Founded 1999 Newspaper … Wikipedia
Marxist-Leninist Italian Communist Party — Infobox Italy Political Party party name = Marxist Leninist Italian Communist Party party name italian = Partito Comunista Italiano Marxista Leninista party party status = Italian National Party leader = Domenico Savio coalition = none newspaper … Wikipedia
List of secretaries of the Italian Communist Party — This is a list of national secretaries of the Italian Communist Party. Until 1926, the office of secretary didn t exist. Amadeo Bordiga was member of the Executive Committee and Central Committee in the Communist Party of Italy (PCd I) … Wikipedia
Italian Socialist Party — Infobox Italian former political party name english = Italian Socialist Party foundation = 1892 dissolution = 1994 newspaper = Avanti! leaders = Filippo Turati, Pietro Nenni, Sandro Pertini, Francesco De Martino, Giacomo Mancini, Bettino Craxi… … Wikipedia
Italian Socialist Party — Founded in 1892, the Italian Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Italiano PSI) traditionally struggled to gain a foothold in Italy, largely because of the strength of the other group on the left, the Italian Communist Party. The PSI joined the … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Italian Socialist Party — ▪ political party, Italy Italian Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI) former Italian political party, one of the first Italian parties with a national scope and a modern democratic organization. It was founded in 1892 in Genoa as the Italian … Universalium
Italian Popular Party — ▪ political party, Italy Italian Partito Popolare Italiano (PPI) , formerly (until 1994) Christian Democratic Party , Italian Partito della Democrazia Cristiana (DC) centrist Italian political party whose several factions are united by… … Universalium
Communist Party of the Netherlands — Communistische Partij Nederland Leader David Wijnkoop (1909 1925) Lou de Visser (1925 1945) Paul de Groot (1945 1967) Marcus Bakker (1967 1982) Ina Brouwer (1982 1991) Founded 1909 Dissolved … Wikipedia
Communist Party of the Free Territory of Trieste — (in Italian: Partito Comunista del Territorio Libero di Trieste, PCTLT, in Slovenian: Komunistična partija Svobodnega tržaškega ozemlja, KPSTO) was a communist party in the Free Territory of Trieste. It was founded at a congress in 1945 by a… … Wikipedia